Sages of the New Covenant
After failing to acknowledge their likeness of God, Adam Eve started believing that they are just like any other creatures in the world and started living at a sub-standard awareness level, much below the demarcated life planned by God and they brought their children also in such a life-style with a belief that they are not created in the likeness of God and gradually the God’s interaction with the human being too substantially reduced; except of some sporadic occasions with some devoted one to God.
When new-life was planned with Nyuha / Noah (Manu / Ziusudra / Akkadian Atrahasis / Utnapishtim ) and his children, scriptures says that God made another covenant with Noah with Seven Commandments, which are listed as follows by the Tosefta (dated to 220 CE) and the Babylonian Talmud (dated to 300 CE):
After the Laws of Noah, several tribal religions came into being and each one had their own versions of commandments and Judaism had the Decalogue. Whether it was Laws of Noah or the Ten Commandments of Moses, they were basically norms to regulate the society. But the inspired ones made Self Enquiry in their search for Truth and God. And one such outcome is: Ashtang Yog. As per Ashtang Yog, the purpose of human existence are arrived into four basic principles of life, which are as follows:
Sages invented the following spiritual path of fulfilling the purpose of human existence:
Some choose the path of Snaky / Sankhya, by acquiring all the worldly knowledge and great acharyas came into being with their schools called ashrams and were teaching knowledge. This knowledge resulted only in more wars, exploitations and created a cultural divide, which later emerged into caste system and people were forced to perform menial job under their Dharm of birth. The reason for all chaos in this society was due to the Snaky / Sankhya school of spiritual path.
Patanjali school of spiritual path, suggested the following eight practices to attain heaven-hood:
1. Yam – (abstentions) Bhagvad Gita talks about 12 yams, which are:
2, Niyams (determination) to be followed at all times. The following niyams are important ones:
3. Asan (sitting comfortably with stability)
4. Pranayam (controlling the decay of body cells through systematic breathing), which are classified into eight types:Surya Bhedan, Ujjai, Seetkari, Sheetali, Bhasrika, Bhramari,
Murchya and Paavini
5.Pratyahar (keeping the following at bay: desire, anger, greed, attachment, ego and laziness to attaining the state of Vairagya,, by looking inwardly about ones existence into the world. )
6. Dharana (a state of self-realization, attained through Yog, Niyam, Asan, Pranayam, Pratyhar and surrendering to God)
7. Dhyan (meditation – controlling the ever-fluctuating mind and is the static state of Chitta)
8. Samadhi (a state, where objective becomes less important and desires of the heart almost absent and of the following six types: Dhyanyog, Nadyog, Rasananyog, Laysiddhiyog, Bhktiyog and Rajyog)
Kapila Muni could be termed as the world's first atheist, as he said: “Nothing should be accepted without evidence. There is no evidence of the existence of a Supreme Being.” According to him, there are only three ways to know everything: Perception, Inference and Testimony. Faith has no place in his scheme of things.
Though Patanjali believed in the total surrender to God, he too operated his Yog Marg with a belief that human being are not created in the likeness of God. Hence both were once again repeating what Adam and Eve did.
Following the Snaky / Sankhya and Yog margs are like eating the Fruit of Knowledge again and again.
As human beings were going after these paths, it necessitated God’s intervention, which happened with the advent of the Immanuel .
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Sages of the New Covenant